Guardian angels are angels assigned to help, guide, and care for individual people here on earth. The idea of guardian angels has long been a tradition of Western culture. However, attempts at finding them in the Bible can lead to frustration. Do we each have an angel dedicated to our personal welfare? What does the Bible teach, if anything, concerning guardian angels?
Are there guardian angels?
The key passage is Matthew 18:10, "See that you do not despise one of these little ones. For I tell you that in heaven their angels always see the face of my Father who is in heaven." Here, the phrase "these little ones" could refer either to children or to all believers in Christ. If it refers to all believers, it could indicate that all believers have guardian angels. If it refers to children, it could refer to a more limited group of angels, though this would not rule out the possibility that all believers have a guardian angel.
An important detail in Matthew 18:10 is that Jesus is speaking in the plural. "Their angels" refers to a group of angels standing ready to help a group of God's children. There is nothing definitive here on which to base a dogmatic belief in guardian angels.
In other passages we see that angels can and do protect humans (Daniel 6:20-23; 2 Kings 6:13-17). Angels can also guide people (Matthew 1:20-21; Acts 8:26), provide for needs (Genesis 21:17-20; 1 Kings 19:5-7), and provide information or general assistance (Luke 1:11-20; Acts 7:52-53; Hebrews 1:14).
The nation of Israel had the archangel Michael assigned to protect it, but this does not prove that angels are assigned to individuals (Daniel 10:21; 12:1). Peter received help from an angel to escape from prison (Acts 12:7-11). Yet, in this case, the help seems to have been based on a particular need, not on a particular person.
Historically, the idea of guardian angels developed among Jews during the time between the Old and New Testaments. Early church fathers picked up on this tradition, sometimes even speaking of a good angel and an evil spirit working actively in the life of an individual. These traditions developed outside of Scripture and are not supported by the Bible's teachings.
Whether or not we have a guardian angel is not clearly revealed in Scripture. What is clear is that God knows our every need and is able to send His ministering angels to assist if and when the occasion arises. The question is not whether we have a personal angel constantly at our side, but whether we have placed our faith in Jesus Christ (John 3:16; Ephesians 2:8-9). He can protect us in this life and throughout all eternity.
What are angels according to the Bible?
Do humans become angels after death?
Are all angels male or are some female?
What are archangels? Is there more than one archangel?
Does an angel of death exist?
Truth about Angels