In AD 70, roughly 40 years after the death and resurrection of Jesus, the Romans destroyed the Jewish temple in Jerusalem. Jesus had predicted the destruction of the temple in Luke 21:6 and Matthew 24:2.
Which biblical prophecies were fulfilled in AD 70?
Other biblical prophecies may have also been fulfilled in AD 70, such as Luke 23:27–31, which seems to fit the Roman genocide of the Jewish people. There is debate as to whether other prophecies, such as those in Daniel 9, Matthew 24—25, and Revelation 6—18, were also fulfilled then. Theologians who hold to partial or full preterism would say that most, if not all, biblical prophesies were fulfilled during the first century. Dispensationalism holds that only the destruction of the temple, and possibly the genocide, were fulfilled in AD 70, while the remainder of the prophecies await fulfillment.
When studying prophecy, it is important to remember that prophetic events are not described in the Bible with the clarity that historical present or past events are reported. Much is open to interpretation. Particularly when highly symbolic meanings are attached to prophetic biblical passages, many periods and events in history can be made to fit. Prophecies dealing with the end times, the study of which is called eschatology, are open to interpretation.
However, when some make the argument that most or all of the prophesies about the end times were fulfilled in AD 70, they cannot include those made in Revelation as it had most likely not even been written at that time.
Theologically, to fit all end-times prophesy into the events in and around AD 70 takes some literal and figurative gymnastics, applying differing interpretive approaches even within the same passage. Reasonable theology and eschatology concludes that prophesies about the destruction of the temple and a genocide of Jews were fulfilled in AD 70 and other prophesies regarding the end times are yet to be seen.
Can we trust biblical prophecy? Does biblical prophecy really predict the future?
How much of end-times prophecy has been fulfilled?
What are the signs of the end times?
What is going to happen in the end times?
Inaugurated eschatology – What is it?
Truth about the End Times