Is a second advent of Messiah predicted in the Old Testament?
The Old Testament prophesies about the first coming, or advent, of the Messiah as well as about His second coming.
The first advent is when Jesus came, born as a human, to die and be resurrected to become Savior. The second advent is when Jesus returns in victory and is ruler of the millennial kingdom.
Initially, Old Testament prophesies were thought to describe a single event of the coming of a Messiah, or Savior. Many believed the Messiah would conquer Rome as a military or political leader.
Micah 5:2 and Isaiah 7:14, among others, all prophesy a coming Savior. Some describe His death and His resurrection, as in Isaiah 53:8–12 and Daniel 9:26. Many see in Zechariah 12:10 a hint that the "pierced" Messiah will appear again.
Additionally, many Old Testament passages prophesy the victorious appearance of the Messiah which happens upon Jesus' return—His second advent. They include prophecies in Zechariah (9:14–15; 12:10–14; 13:1), Amos (9:11–15), and Jeremiah (30:18; 32:44; 33:11, 26). Scholars and theologians put these prophecies under the umbrella promises of God found in Deuteronomy 30:1–10 which calls for the restoration of God's people to a right relationship with God.
When Jesus made statements about His return, His words paralleled Old Testament passages, such as in Matthew 24:31 and Mark 13:27 lining up with Isaiah 52:15 and Isaiah 59—62.
The Old Testament calls for the Messiah to come, be removed, and then return. We know Jesus was the first advent and we are awaiting His second coming.
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