What are the names of Jesus Christ? What titles are ascribed to Jesus in the Bible?
Jesus Christ is referred to by two specific names and approximately two hundred titles in the Bible. The two specific names used in reference to Him include Jesus and Emmanuel.
Jesus is used as His given name in both Matthew and Luke. Matthew 1:21 states that an angel told Joseph, "She will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins." In Luke 1:31, an angel speaks to Mary and states the same name, "And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus."
Emmanuel (or Immanuel) is first mentioned in Isaiah 7:14: "Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel." Matthew 1:23 uses this name in reference to Jesus as a fulfillment of Isaiah's prophecy. Matthew thereby introduces Jesus as "God with us," acknowledging Christ's deity from the beginning of his writing.
In addition to these two specific names, a wide variety of titles are used in relation to Jesus. Each provides important information to define a particular aspect of His role. Some of the more prominent ones include:
Jesus Christ/Christ Jesus: Jesus is often called Jesus Christ or Christ Jesus (especially in Paul's writings) throughout the New Testament. The word Christ meant anointed one and clearly noted His role as the Messiah.
The Word: John 1:1 calls Jesus the Word, the English translation of the Greek word logos. Though not used frequently in the New Testament, John's introduction of Jesus as the logos stated clearly his view of Jesus as divine.
Son of God: The Gospels often call Jesus the Son of God. Mark's Gospel especially favors this term, noting Jesus as divine via His relationship with God the Father. In Matthew 15:15-16, Peter acknowledged Jesus as the son of the living God, a view Jesus affirmed as correct. John 3:16 also famously refers to Jesus as God's only begotten Son.
Son of Man: The New Testament also often refers to Jesus as the Son of Man. Matthew's Gospel especially favors this phrase, using it more than thirty times. This title highlights both His humanity as well as His fulfillment as the Son of Man predicted in the Old Testament, especially Daniel 7:13-14 related to the coming Messiah.
Lord: The term "Lord" was often used in relation to Jesus (more than 700 times in the New Testament) and referred to Him as master or king.
Again, many titles are used in relation to Jesus, each with important meaning. Those cited above highlight some of the most commonly used and most significant titles that emphasize both the deity and humanity of the Lord Jesus Christ.
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