The Bible gives the account of Adam and Eve as historical fact. They were created by God, lived in the garden of Eden, fell for Satan's deception, were cast out of paradise, and had children who sinned (Genesis 1—4). These actions led to God promising a Savior (Genesis 3:15) and the coming of Jesus to earth to fulfill that and other prophesies of His coming (1 Corinthians 15:45).
Jesus talked about the creation of men and women (Mark 10:6) and of Abel's blood (Luke 11:51; Genesis 4:8–10). He did not deceive or lie to people. Jesus spoke of real people and real history.
Romans 5:12 tells us, "Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned." If Adam wasn't created and did not sin, how did sin enter the world?
When a person decides to begin eliminating some of the truth of the Bible, it calls into question the entire truth of the Bible. Take Luke 3:23–38, for example. There, Luke traces Jesus' genealogy from Joseph all the way back to Adam. Which of those people should be eliminated as unreal?
It is important to understand and believe in the Adam and Eve account in the Bible because so much of orthodox Christian theology rests on it. Additionally, if we begin to pick and choose what is real in the Bible and what is not, we essentially become the creator of our own religion.
God's word is true, from beginning to the end (John 17:17; 2 Timothy 3:16–17).
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